Category: BATTLE NATIONS (17-01-2014)
$800 clue: Ancient Callipolis is now this Turkish site of a World War I clash.
Correct Response (highlight to see): GALLIPOLI
The gist: The Gallipoli Campaign, sometimes called the Battle of Gallipoli (which is what I’ve always called it), was a major Allied defeat and Ottoman victory in World War I. The Allies attempted to launch an amphibious assault at Gallipoli, the peninsula that forms the northern bank of the Dardanelles, which is the strait that links the Mediterranean (and the Aegean) to the Sea of Marmara (here’s a map). The campaign, which began on April 25, 1915, under the faulty recommendation of Winston Churchill, then First Lord of the Admiralty, finally ended eight months later on January 9, 1916, when the Allied forces retreated to Egypt, then a British protectorate. It was a defining moment of both WWI and the history of modern Turkey – Kemal Ataturk, the founder of the modern Republic of Turkey, was himself a commander at Gallipoli. Although this clue doesn’t give you much detail into the battle itself besides that it took place during WWI, it primes you to pick up on the evolution of Callipolis (Greek for “beautiful city”) into modern Gallipoli, much like ancient Tripolis (“three cities”) is now Tripoli, the capital of Libya.
In Jeopardy!: Gallipoli appears in 15 regular clues and 1 Final Jeopardy! clue in the J!Archive, 12 explicitly concerning the battle. Most of the clues mention WWI and Turkey (unless Turkey is itself the answer), the two only appear together in clues with “Gallipoli” as the answer. Two clues also mention Australian filmmaker Peter Weir’s film Gallipoli, which was about the campaign – Australian and New Zealand forces played central roles in the battle, and the single Final J! Clue asks about a memorial tree planted by Australia in 2005, for the battle’s 90th anniversary. Also, Churchill gets two mentions for his blunder, and Ataturk gets one for his success. Two clues mention Gallipoli without reference to WWI – one simply asks which country the peninsula is in, and the other is looking for the Ottomans, who took Gallipoli from the Byzantine Empire in the 1370s. It’s very likely, then, that in a military context that the clue will include two of “Turkey,” “WWI,” and “Gallipoli,” and the correct response will be the one remaining… although I’m a little surprised there’s never been a correct response about its geography more specific than “Turkey.” Better keep the Dardanelles in your head as well.